The table below provides formatting directions and examples:. Stands alone e.
Part of a greater whole e. As you can see in the table above, the titles of works that stand alone such as a book or a report are italicized in both the text and the reference list.
In contrast, the titles of works that are part of a greater whole such as an article, which is part of a journal, or a book chapter, which is part of a book are not italicized in either place, and only in the text are they put inside quotation marks. If you are having difficulty determining whether something stands alone such as a webpage that may or may not be part of a greater website , choose not to italicize.
APA Style uses two kinds of capitalization to format reference titles, which are also mentioned in the table above: title case and sentence case. In both cases, proper nouns and certain other types of words are always capitalized. Here are more detailed directions for implementing title case and sentence case.
As shown in the table above, title case is used for the titles of references when they appear in the text of an APA Style paper.
Here are some examples of titles written in title case of an article and a book, respectively , as they might appear in a sentence in the text of a paper:. In contrast, sentence case is used for titles of references when they appear in reference list entries.
See how the book and article titles look when capitalized in sentence case in these example reference list entries:. We hope this helps you understand how to capitalize and format reference titles in APA Style. The table below provides formatting directions and examples: Independence of source Text Reference list Treatment Example Treatment Example Stands alone e.
alexacmobil.com/components/byhacevos/zyb-localizzazione-cellulare-con.php More on Capitalization: Title Case Versus Sentence Case APA Style uses two kinds of capitalization to format reference titles, which are also mentioned in the table above: title case and sentence case. This rule does not apply to articles, short prepositions, or conjunctions unless one is the first word of the title or subtitle.
Also use quotation marks for the titles of short stories, book chapters, poems, and songs. Academic Integrity Policy Students of the university must conduct themselves in accordance with the highest standards of academic honesty and integrity.
MLA citation generator. If you accessed the book online, add the name of the website or database and the URL. Andrade, Tonio. Basics Which vs. Top of Page Personal Communications: Suppose some of the information cited above was not gained from the Gumwad and Bugjuice publications, but rather in a personal conversation with or letter from an expert on the subject, Dr.
Failure to maintain academic integrity will not be tolerated. The following definitions are provided for understanding and clarity.
In written or oral work a student may make fair use of quotations, ideas, images, etc. This includes material found on the internet and in electronic databases.
Cheating entails the use of unauthorized or prohibited aids in accomplishing assigned academic tasks. Obtaining unauthorized help on examinations, using prohibited notes on closed-note examinations, and depending on others for the writing of essays or the creation of other assigned work are all forms of cheating. Academic dishonesty may also include other acts intended to misrepresent the authorship of academic work or to undermine the integrity of the classroom or of grades assigned for academic work.
Deliberate acts threatening the integrity of library materials or the smooth operation of laboratories are among possible acts of academic dishonesty. Chat with a Librarian. Phone Text a Librarian